Coordinating CTs

How well established are African CTs?


Degree of Institutionalization

Legal support for social protection programs is still incipient in many countries, and much existing legal support is based in upper-middle income countries.
  • For instance, South Africa provides for social protection in its constitution. Legal protections for its cash grants are afforded through the Aged Persons Act of 1967, the Child Care Act of 1983, and the Social Assistance Act of 2004 (Plaatjies 2006). Similarly, Namibia’s Old Age Pension was established by an act in 1928, and it was legally established following independence through the National Pension Act in 1992 (Levine et al. 2009).

Some countries support CTs through national social protection strategies or other policies, such as Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers. This support, as well as related national legislation, is encouraged in the AU’s Social Policy Framework, which advises that member states recognize the state’s responsibility in providing social protection through enacting relevant legislation (African Union 2008).
  • National social protection strategies can make room for high-level cross-sectoral steering committees and technical committees that can help coordinate social protection programs within a country.