Building Constituencies

Donor coordination and harmonization

Partners can encourage knowledge exchange, such as through South-South learning, experience exchange initiatives, and supporting communities of practice.

  • When possible, donor financing should be pooled and agreements should be established through a Memorandum of Understanding.
  • Basket mechanisms are used for CTs in Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, and other countries.

Donors also should support domestic objectives.

  • Rwanda is taking a proactive approach to ensure that donors support domestic priorities, requiring them to report their work in social protection to district officials to confirm that activities mesh with district priorities. Donor funds for social protection will also have to be channeled through sector funding in order to ensure it aligns with government priorities (European University Institute 2010).

Donors should support common goals and encourage consensus-building.

  • Ethiopia’s PSNP sheds light on these issues. Disagreements between PSNP donors were prevalent, as some favored conditional transfers over unconditional transfers, others food instead of cash, others transfers over a focus on productivity, and vice-versa. Donors worked through their disagreements and approached the government with their own consensus. Then the government and donor group had to work through significant differences (World Bank 2010b).
  • Working from the consensus belief that the system needed to change, stakeholders eventually agreed on key principles that could direct their work. Although these principles were agreed on, not all questions were solved by the time the program was launched (World Bank 2010b). Ultimately the government launched at scale using its own systems (its own preference), and the program included a condition of public works for some beneficiaries (the government’s preference) but was unconditional for the remaining Direct Support recipients (a donor preference). A key to building and maintaining this consensus was the establishment of a logical framework to which all partners agreed.