CTs and Early Childhood Development

Direct impact

  • Cash Transfer
    Programs
  • Direct Impact
  • Early Childhood
    Development
    Outcomes

CTs sometimes have program components that are intended to directly affect young children’s development. These include the provision of nutrition supplements for mothers and young children; training for beneficiaries on nutrition, health, hygiene, healthy cooking, appropriate household relationships, parenting, and more; and household visits by social workers, trained community members, or medical professionals that advise beneficiaries on issues related to early childhood development.

CCTs often require beneficiary households to fulfill conditions related to maternal and young children’s health, such as attendance at pre-specified well visits. When possible, these visits can contain components that provide coaching or counseling on nutrition, health care, early stimulation, and appropriate parenting practices. Cash transfers that are conditioned on participation in parenting seminars or visits from social workers can encourage household adults to make decisions that improve children’s early development in multiple areas – cognition, behavior, social/emotional, and physical health.

Furthermore, CCTs can be designed to promote participation in early childhood development-related activities. For instance, they can be conditioned upon participation in preschool activities or participation in community-based early childhood development centers, in addition to the individual and/or group-based counseling and training already mentioned (Naudeau et al. 2011).

  • Provision of nutrition supplements, health care, adult
    education
  • Contact with health and social workers
  • Health and nutrition-related conditions
  • Adult education conditions
  • Proper Nutrition, Appropriate Health Practices
  • Early
    Stimulation
  • Healthy
    Relationships and Interaction with
    Others