Average number of beneficiaries per program

Notes: Sample number of CTs is 19 for UMIC, 9 for LMIC, 15 for LIC, and 8 for Fragile states. Data is limited to those programs for which information was available at the time of writing of The Cash Dividend. Country income classifications are based on World Bank classifications as of January 2011. Fragile states are defined as countries characterized by political instability, weak institutions, and poor governance as measured by the World Bank’s Country Policy and Institutional Assessment (CPIA) ratings. These countries often are affected by ongoing violence.